Best archaeological discoveries of 2022
By Kevin Hughes // Jan 09, 2023

The Year 2022 has yielded several amazing archeological discoveries. Here are some them:

Portraits of two Egyptian mummies

The portraits of two mummies were discovered by Egyptian archeologists at the Gerza excavation site in Fayoum, Egypt in early December. (Related: Unlocking the secrets of Ancient Egypt: Archaeologists uncover dozens of mummified animals in the Tomb of Tutu.)

Known as "Fayoum portraits" the two full-color artworks are the first of their kind to be found in over a century.

According to the Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities, they are among the "most important archaeological discoveries that were found during the current season."

Rare pink sarcophagus

Last September, a rare pink sarcophagus was found by archaeologists in Cairo's famous Saqqara necropolis, which is also known as the "City of the Dead."

It was discovered near the pyramid of King Unas.

The granite coffin, which dates back 3,300 years, is said to have belonged to a notable politician who lived during the reign of King Ramses II.

Golden mummy tongues

Last November, researchers discovered ancient mummies with golden tongues placed in their mouths.

The mummies were found in the Quweisna necropolis located at Menoufiya governorate in the central Nile Delta northwest of Cairo.

Oldest African dinosaur fossils

Fossils of the oldest African dinosaur ever found were discovered in Zimbabwe last September.

Known as Mbiresaurus raathi, a group of international researchers found its fossils at the Pebbly Arkose Formation in northern Zimbabwe.

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The dinosaur's first name "Mbire" was taken from the Shona dynasty that once ruled the region while the last name was in honor of Michael Raath, who helped discover the first fossils in the region.

Mbiresaurus raathi is classified as a sauropodomorph, making it a predecessor of the long-necked sauropods.

Rare dinosaur fossil with preserved meal

Researchers found the remains of a small mammal in the fossil of a Microraptor in early December.

Microraptors are small four-winged dinosaurs that roamed Earth during the early Cretaceous Jiufotang Formation around 125 million years ago.

Fossils of Microraptors had been found before, but this particular discovery shed light on their diet.

The discovery came as a real surprise, according to vertebrate paleontologist Hans Larsson from McGill University.

"At first, I couldn't believe it. There was a tiny rodent-like mammal foot about a centimeter long, perfectly preserved inside a Microraptor skeleton. These finds are the only solid evidence we have about the food consumption of these long-extinct animals – and they are exceptionally rare," Larsson said.

Oldest sentence

The oldest sentence was deciphered in 2022, although it was found five years earlier.

The sentence shows 17 Canaanite letters written in an antiquated format, similar to the first stage of the invention of the alphabet.

Aztec objects and offerings from Templo Mayor

Excavations carried out by archaeologists from the Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia at the foot of Templo Mayor in the the Aztec capital city of Tenochtitlan uncovered ritual deposits containing over 2,500 wooden objects.

The finely carved objects, which consist of scepters, ear flares, nose and finger rings, and miniature masks and weapons, were buried between 1486 and 1502 as ritual offerings. They are believed to have been deposited by priests for the Aztec gods.

Follow for more news about archaeological discoveries.

Watch the video below to know more about the 2,000-year-old mummy with the golden tongue near the tomb of Osiris.

This video is from the Kim Osbøl - Copenhagen Denmark channel on

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