04/14/2016 / By newstarget
The blue part of the image shows the total eclipse from the ground, with the central pupil created by the bright sun covered by a comparatively dark moon.
(Article by Ellie Zolfagharifard, republished from //www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3536787/The-eye-universe-Incredible-eclipse-image-reveals-sun-unprecedented-detail.html)
Surrounding the blocked solar disk is the tenuous corona of sun imaged in white light.
The red section was viewed from space, acquired by the sun-orbiting Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) spacecraft.
The corona is easily visible from the ground only during an eclipse.
Normally, this corona is hard to track far from the sun, but the featured montage matches it to false-colored observations of the sun using space probes.
Images like this allow the study of the constantly changing magnetic activity both near and far from the sun – the same activity that ultimately drives Earth’s auroras.
Last month, thousands of tourists and astronomy enthusiasts flocked to Indonesia to catch the country’s first solar eclipse in nearly 33 years.
The eclipse, which took place on March 9, was also visible in parts of Australia and south-east Asia.
However, only some parts of the country got to see the sun totally eclipsed by the moon, which happened almost immediately after the sun rose.
Because the moon’s shadow crossed the international date line, it appeared in the afternoon of the 8th in some regions, despite being visible from the morning of the 9th in others.
A solar eclipse happens when the moon casts a shadow on the Earth as it passes between the earth and the sun. At least twice a year, the orbits of the moon and Earth block the sun to cause a shadow on Earth.
Most eclipses are partial, but when the moon is in close to the earth, it results in a total eclipse.
The last total solar eclipse was in March 2015, and the one before that was in November 2012.
The total eclipse last month was visible within a roughly 62 to 93-mile (100-150km) wide path that started in the Indian Ocean and sliced across parts of Indonesia including Sumatra, Kalimantan and Sulawesi before ending in the northern Pacific Ocean.
The sun itself was entirely obscured from between 90 seconds and five minutes, depending on the viewer’s location.
The point at which the total eclipse lasted the longest – four minutes and nine seconds – was in the Pacific Ocean east of the Philippines.
Palembang was the first city to see the total eclipse, at about 7:20 am local time on March 9.
The total eclipse then occurred from midnight GMT, 7pm ET to 4 am G.M.T (11pm ET).
Those is Sydney, Brisbane, Adelaide and Hobart missed the eclipse, but those in far north Queensland could see it from about 11am local time.
It happened in the Northern Territory by 10am and Western Australia caught a glimpse of a partial eclipse from 8am.
And for people who missed it in the west, a total solar eclipse will pass through the US and over Europe in August 2017, with the longest visible viewing spot in Tennessee and Kentucky.
‘Though only people along the narrow path of totality will see the total eclipse, millions more will see some degree of a partial solar eclipse in Asia and the Pacific, including Hawaii, Guam and parts of Alaska,’ Nasa said in a statement.
Read more at: //www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3536787/The-eye-universe-Incredible-eclipse-image-reveals-sun-unprecedented-detail.html